Summertime photochemical ozone formation in Santiago, Chile
The city of Santiago, Chile experiences frequent high pollution episodes and as a consequence very high ozone concentrations, which are associated with health problems including increasing daily mortality and hospital admissions for respiratory illnesses. The development of ozone abatement strategies requires the determination of the potential of each pollutant to produce ozone, taking into account known mechanisms and chemical kinetics in addition to ambient atmospheric conditions. In this study, the photochemical formation of ozone during a summer campaign carried out from March 8-20, 2005 has been investigated using an urban photochemical box model based on the Master Chemical Mechanism (MCMv3.1). The MCM box model has been constrained with 10 min averages of simultaneous measurements of HONO, HCHO, CO, NO, j((OD)-D-1), j(NO2), 31 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and meteorological parameters. The O-3-NOx-VOC sensitivities have been determined by simulating ozone formation at different VOC and NOx concentrations. Ozone sensitivity analyses showed that photochemical ozone formation is VOC-limited under average summertime conditions in Santiago. The results of the model simulations have been compared with a set of potential empirical indicator relationships including H2O2/HNO3, HCHO/NOy and O-3/NOz. The ozone forming potential of each measured VOC has been determined using the MCM box model. The impacts of the above study on possible summertime ozone control strategies in Santiago are discussed.
Elshorbany, Y. F., Kleffmann, J., Kurtenbach, R., Rubio, M., Lissi, E., Villena, G., … Wiesen, P. (2009). Summertime photochemical ozone formation in Santiago, Chile. Atmospheric Environment, 43(40), 6398–6407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.047